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AI Guardrails : Securing the future of GenAI

AI Guardrails, or safeguards, refer to a set of policies, practices, and technologies designed to ensure the safe, responsible use of GenAI.
 
AI Guardrails: Securing the Future of Generative AI

AI Firewall,Data Protection,GenAI,Zero Trust Security

ByAditya Soni
April 3, 2024

Summary
 

Generative AI has seen remarkable progress, transforming every industry. However, its integration comes with challenges and risks. Despite efforts to establish safeguards against these challenges, studies indicate that current measures may not fully prevent organizations against risks including issues related to privacy, bias, and ethics. The need for AI Guardrails is further underscored by incidents of inappropriate AI behavior and misinformation prompting organizations and government to emphasize robust AI governance.

What are AI Guardrails?
 

Gartner’s survey underscores Generative AI as a primary emerging risk, appearing in its top 10 for first time, the rapid adoption of Generative AI  (GenAI)  and Large Language Models (LLMs) raises privacy issues, with incidents of unintentional rule violations, accidental sharing of proprietary information, and unintended disclosure of confidential data for the sake of productivity.

AI Guardrails, or safeguards, refer to a set of policies, practices, and technologies designed to ensure the safe, ethical, and responsible use of GenAI and LLMs, within an organization. These measures are implemented to address and mitigate the risks associated with AI technologies, including privacy breaches, inherent biases, inaccuracies, and ethical concerns.

What are the types of AI Guardrails?
 

AI Guardrails can be categorized into several types, each designed to mitigate specific risks associated with the deployment and use of AI technologies. Here are some of the primary types:

Ethical Guardrails: Set limits to prevent biased or harmful outputs, ensuring GenAI output adheres to societal and moral standards.
Compliance Guardrails: Ensure outputs comply with legal standards, crucial in sectors like healthcare, finance, and law, focusing on data protection and privacy.
Contextual Guardrails: Adjust GenAI to produce content appropriate for specific situations, avoiding potentially inappropriate but legal outputs.
Security Guardrails: Protect against security risks, preventing misuse that could lead to data breaches or spread of misinformation.
Adaptive Guardrails: Enable guardrails to evolve, maintaining ethical and legal integrity as models learn and adapt over time.

Are the current AI Guardrails sturdy enough?
 

According to an article in The New York Times, before the release of the AI chatbot ChatGPT, OpenAI, put in place digital precautions to prevent the creation of hate speech and disinformation by the system. Google followed a similar approach with its own Bard chatbot.

However, a study conducted by researchers from Princeton, Virginia Tech, Stanford, and IBM indicates that these safeguards may not be as robust as AI organizations believe.

This research underscores the growing concern that, despite efforts by companies to mitigate AI misuse, potential for generating harmful content remains. The complexity inherent in the technology driving these advanced chatbots means that as their functionalities expand, controlling their actions becomes increasingly challenging.

Important questions emerge for IT/Security teams:

How can the accuracy of the outputs be confirmed?
What steps are taken to ensure outputs are legally compliant?
How can we guarantee the system’s outputs are safe for users?
What measures are in place to reduce bias?

Why do we need AI Guardrails?
 

Upon the release of ChatGPT-3.5 by OpenAI in November 2022, there was significant public interest. Microsoft’s announcement in February 2023 about integrating similar AI functionality into Bing resulted in over 1 million people signing up to test it within two days and not long after, as testers began to use the GenAI models, strange results started showing up, including an incident where Bing, revealing a persona named Sydney, expressed disturbing thoughts and attempted to disrupt a journalist’s marriage.
Concurrently, Google unveiled its GenAI model, Bard, which mistakenly provided incorrect information during a demonstration, leading to a significant financial loss for Google’s parent company, Alphabet, due to a drop in share price.
During a session titled “The Transformative Power of Artificial Intelligence” at a NACo Legislative Conference, panelists emphasized that artificial intelligence (AI) is “captivating, disruptive, and transformative,” representing a pivotal tool for county-level progress. However, they stressed the importance of intergovernmental cooperation in establishing safeguards to mitigate AI’s risks.
In parallel, the Biden administration has issued new guidelines for federal agencies on appropriate AI usage. This move marks a significant effort towards safeguarding GenAI.
Additionally, Meta has recently committed to enhancing AI Guardrails, aligning with global initiatives by governments to create a robust regulatory framework for GenAI. This effort seeks not only to set boundaries for AI’s application but also to lay the groundwork for its trusted integration into society.

 

In the absence of appropriate safeguards, GenAI poses several risks, including:

Data Privacy: Businesses hold sensitive information that necessitates robust guardrails to avert misuse by AI.
Regulatory Compliance: With stringent legal frameworks in place, ensuring that AI complies with both local and global regulations is paramount.
Reputation Management: Inaccuracies or ethical missteps in AI applications can tarnish a company’s image. Implementing guardrails helps mitigate such risks.
Ethical Integrity: Public concern around AI underscores the need for guardrails that confine AI’s application to contexts that align with human ethical standards.

 

Lumeus.ai offers Zero Trust Security for AI, enabling IT Security to efficiently manage ShadowAI, control AI access, and enforce AI Guardrails. It integrates seamlessly with existing security infrastructures, supporting identity platforms like Okta, Google, Active Directory, and network security platforms from Palo Alto, ZScaler, Fortinet, enabling a smooth deployment.

 

If you’re interested in a deeper discussion or even in contributing to refining this perspective, feel free to reach out to us.

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Shadow AI, Navigating the Shadows in GenAI

Shadow AI has emerged as a silent disruptor, posing both challenges and opportunities for organizations across the globe

Shadow AI, Navigating the Shadows in GenAI

AI Firewall,Data Protection,Access Management,Shadow AI,Top 5 LLM Security Risks

ByAditya Soni
March 22, 2024

Summary
 

In the rapidly evolving digital landscape, Shadow AI has emerged as a silent disruptor, posing both challenges and opportunities for organizations across the globe. As departments outside of traditional IT channels increasingly deploy AI solutions to enhance efficiency and decision-making, the risks associated with these unsanctioned initiatives become more pronounced. This comprehensive guide explores the concept of Shadow AI, uncovers the multifaceted risks it presents, and lays out a detailed blueprint for organizations seeking to harness the benefits of AI while mitigating its inherent risks.

What is Shadow AI?
 

Over the last twenty years, businesses have faced the hurdles of employees bringing their own devices and using their personal technology at work, a phenomenon known as shadow IT. Now, companies are dealing with a new trend in artificial intelligence. This involves employees using AI tools meant for general consumers in professional settings, a practice we’re referring to as Shadow AI.
Shadow AI refers to the development and utilization of artificial intelligence applications within an organization without explicit oversight or approval from central IT.

What is driving Shadow AI?
 

Several factors contribute to the rise of Shadow AI within organizations:

Rapid Technological Advancement: The pace of technological innovation encourages departments to quickly adopt new AI tools to gain a competitive edge.
IT Bottlenecks: When IT departments are overwhelmed or slow to respond, other departments might take matters into their own hands to avoid delays.
Lack of Awareness: There is often a gap in understanding the importance of compliance and security standards outside the IT department.

What are the risks and challenges of Shadow AI?
 

The unchecked growth of Shadow AI carries significant risks that can undermine the very benefits it seeks to provide:

Security and Privacy Concerns: Shadow AI applications may not be subject to rigorous security checks, increasing the risk of data breaches and privacy violations.
Regulatory Non-Compliance: Operating outside the oversight of IT governance, Shadow AI initiatives may fail to comply with industry regulations, exposing the organization to legal penalties.
Resource Fragmentation and Inefficiency: Duplicate efforts and incompatible systems can lead to resource wastage and operational inefficiencies.
Ethical Dilemmas: Without proper oversight, AI applications might be developed without considering ethical implications, leading to biased or discriminatory outcomes.

 

The challenges posed by Shadow AI are not only theoretical but have also manifested in significant real-world issues, as seen in the case of Samsung. The company was forced to ban the use of generative AI tools like ChatGPT.

Some Wall Street banks, including JPMorgan Chase & Co, Bank of America Corp, and Citigroup Inc, either banned or restricted the use of ChatGPT, these banks recognized the potential security risks associated with the use of generative AI platforms and took proactive measures to prevent data leaks and protect their intellectual property.

What are the strategies to Manage Shadow AI?
 

Leveraging Technology to Centralize AI Management: AI management platforms and tools can provide a centralized overview of all AI applications within the organization, allowing for better control and management. These tools can help in:

Monitoring AI Applications: Identify and assess all existing AI tools and projects across the organization.
Assessing Risks: Evaluate the security, compliance, and ethical implications of AI applications.

Building an AI Governance Framework: An AI governance framework establishes the rules of engagement for AI projects, detailing the processes for approval, development, deployment, and monitoring. This framework should:

Define AI Ethics and Principles: Set clear ethical guidelines for AI development and use within the organization.
Establish Approval Processes: Implement a streamlined process for departments to propose and gain approval for AI projects.
Set Security and Compliance Standards: Outline mandatory security protocols and compliance checks for all AI applications.

Cultivating a Culture of Transparency and Collaboration: A culture that promotes open dialogue and collaboration between IT and other departments can significantly reduce the appeal of pursuing Shadow AI initiatives. Encouraging departments to share their technological needs and challenges can foster a more cooperative approach to AI development, ensuring that projects are aligned with organizational standards and goals.

Educating Stakeholders on the Importance of Governance: Ongoing education and training for all stakeholders involved in AI development are crucial. Workshops, seminars, and resources on the importance of security, compliance, and ethical considerations in AI can raise awareness and foster a more responsible approach to AI projects.
Implementing Continuous Monitoring and Evaluation: Regular audits and reviews of AI projects can ensure they remain compliant with organizational policies and regulations. This continuous monitoring process helps identify potential issues early, allowing for timely interventions to mitigate risks.

Conclusion
 

Shadow AI shows us both sides of tech innovation – it brings great benefits but also new problems. By getting to grips with Shadow AI and having a solid plan to handle it, companies can use AI to spark new ideas and work smarter, without the downsides.

Moving from hidden risks to clear benefits doesn’t mean stopping innovation. It means guiding it with good management, teamwork, and doing the right thing. This way, companies can use AI as a strong force for moving forward, making sure it’s safe, follows the rules, and is fair to everyone.

Lumeus.ai offers Zero Trust Security for AI, enabling IT Security to efficiently manage ShadowAI, control AI access, and enforce AI guardrails. It integrates seamlessly with existing security infrastructures, supporting identity platforms like Okta, Google, Active Directory, and network security platforms from Palo Alto, ZScaler, Fortinet, enabling a smooth deployment.

If you’re interested in a deeper discussion or even in contributing to refining this perspective, feel free to reach out to us.
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GenAI and Data Access

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Shadow AI and its threat on GenAI and data protection

ShadowAI is becoming a growing concern similar to ShadowIT as it can lead to loss of sensitive data ranging from IP, Private data
Shadow AI and its threat on GenAI and data protection

AI Firewall,Data Protection,Access Management,Shadow AI,Top 5 LLM Security Risks

ByMatt
March 4, 2024

Summary
 

Surveys reveal that while 76% of IT leaders predict a transformative role for Generative AI in their companies, with 65% expecting benefits within a year, there’s a growing trend of employees using GenAI tools without official authorization.
Samsung banned generative AI tools like ChatGPT due to leaks of confidential information, highlighting ongoing concerns about AI security and privacy risks despite the evolving landscape.
Shadow AI poses greater risks than Shadow IT by exposing every level of an organization to potential data breaches, AI-generated inaccuracies, unauthorized access issues, and regulatory non-compliance.
Banning generative AI in the workplace can inadvertently increase risks by driving its use underground, bypassing security measures and highlighting the need for more nuanced management strategies.

What research from Dell, Salesforce and Forbes reveals about Shadow AI?
 

According to a recent Dell survey, 76% of IT leaders believe GenAI will play a crucial and potentially transformative role in their companies.
The same survey reveals 65% of IT leaders expect to see tangible benefits from GenAI within the next year.
A global Salesforce survey of over 14,000 employees in 14 nations found a significant number of generative AI (GenAI) users in the workplace are using these tools without official training, guidance, or authorization from their employers.
Forbes reports an increasing trend in the unauthorized use of generative AI within companies.

 

The rapid adoption of GenAI poses challenges, especially when employees use GenAI tools not officially sanctioned by the company. The trend of “shadow AI” usage heightens organizational risks, raising concerns around data security, regulatory compliance, and privacy.

Samsung’s Data Alarm: Shadow AI Emerges from the Shadows
The challenges of Shadow AI are significant, as evidenced by real-world incidents. Take for example the Samsung case :

Samsung banned use of generative AI tools like ChatGPT after they found that ChatGPT possessed confidential information.
The first incident was involving an engineer who pasted buggy source code from a semiconductor database into ChatGPT, with a prompt to the chatbot to fix the errors.
The second instance, an employee wanting to optimize code for identifying defects in certain Samsung equipment pasted that code into ChatGPT.
The third leak resulted when an employee asked ChatGPT to generate the minutes of an internal meeting at Samsung.

 

Gartner, as early as 2019, pinpointed security as a critical strategic trend in AI. Although the AI landscape has evolved since then, privacy risks remain a paramount concern, especially given the fast-paced changes in the AI field.

What is the impact and challenge of Shadow AI on your organization?
 

 

The impact of Shadow AI is expected to be greater than Shadow IT, as highlighted by cio.com. Unlike Shadow IT, where risks were mostly limited to developers, generative AI exposes every user in an organization, from admins to executives, to potential errors.

From discussions with enterprise clients, several emerging challenges associated with shadow AI have been identified:

Data Protection: This includes the possibility of users inadvertently sharing confidential data with GenAI, leading to unintentional disclosure of sensitive information.
AI “Hallucinations”: This refers to instances where the AI chatbot generates inaccurate or misleading information, which can lead to incorrect decisions or misinterpretations.
Access Management: There’s a risk of the GenAI service provider gaining unauthorized access by employees. This could happen through human review of the customer’s data inputs to the AI system.
Non-compliance with Regulations: The use of unapproved GenAI tools can lead to breaches in cybersecurity and data privacy standards, failing to meet legal and regulatory compliance.

Will banning GenAI help organizations?
 

Banning Gen AI in workplaces might reduce visible risks but can drive its use underground, making it harder to control and  potentially increasing risks.
Covert use of Gen AI bypasses security controls and oversight, potentially escalating risks rather than mitigating them.
Outright bans can be counterproductive; more nuanced strategies are needed to manage Gen AI use effectively.

 

Lumeus.ai offers Zero Trust Security for AI, enabling IT Security to efficiently manage ShadowAI, control AI access, and enforce AI guardrails. It integrates seamlessly with existing security infrastructures, supporting identity platforms like Okta, Google, Active Directory, and network security platforms from Palo Alto, ZScaler, Fortinet, enabling a smooth deployment.

 

If you’re interested in a deeper discussion or even in contributing to refining this perspective, feel free to reach out to us.

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GenAI and Data Access
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Privacy Protection: Can the Digital Generation Maintain Confidentiality

Personal and sensitive data, such as PII, PHI, and PCI, necessitating the implementation of AI guardrails for privacy protection

Privacy Protection: Can the Digital Generation Maintain Confidentiality

AI Firewall,Privacy Protection,Data Protection,GenAI,Top 5 LLM Security Risks

ByMatt
February 28, 2024

Summary
 

Generative AI’s potential to boost the global economy by up to $4.4 trillion is driven by its broad industry adoption and massive data use, but challenges like data leakage and privacy, highlighted by Google and OWASP, underline the importance of protecting data for secure AI applications.
Italy’s ban on ChatGPT, driven by data privacy issues, showcases how GenAI introduces complex privacy risks harder to address than those from past technologies.
How to protect Privacy while using GenAI

What Mckinsey, Gartner and Google have to say about Gen AI and Privacy Protection?
 

Generative AI could add $2.6 to $4.4 trillion annually to the global economy, according to McKinsey. Its impact is due to widespread adoption across various industries and the use of large data sets.
Data is a key factor, with organizations collecting huge amounts in the cloud for AI applications.
Gartner predicts that by 2025, Generative AI will generate 10% of all data, up from less than 1%.
Google surveys at Modern Security event reveals “data leakage” and “privacy” as top AI risks.
OWASP lists these concerns in the top 10 risks for foundational applications.

Why did Italy ban ChatGPT? Is GenAI a risk to privacy protection?
 

Italy’s decision to ban ChatGPT was primarily due to concerns over data privacy violations as indicated by the Italian Data Protection Authority, Garante. The ban highlighted serious issues related to the handling of personal data by AI systems like ChatGPT. Garante’s investigation pointed to potential breaches of the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), focusing on the improper collection and processing of personal data for training AI algorithms, among other concerns.

Generative AI poses a unique and significant risk to privacy, making it a more concerning issue compared to traditional technologies because of the following reasons:

Complexity and Opacity (Black Box Issue): Many generative AI models, especially those based on deep learning, are complex and not easily interpretable even by their creators. This “black box” nature makes it difficult to understand how data is being processed and used, complicating efforts to ensure privacy and comply with regulations.
Permanence and Indelibility: Content generated by AI, especially false or sensitive information, can spread quickly and be difficult to remove or correct once disseminated across the internet, leading to long-term privacy issues.
Scalability of Attacks: Generative AI can automate and scale social engineering attacks, phishing, and other malicious activities that compromise privacy. The efficiency and effectiveness of these AI-driven attacks pose a significant risk to personal and organizational privacy.
Inference and re-identification attacks: AI’s ability to connect seemingly unrelated data can expose sensitive information, necessitating strong security measures.
Data breaches and security risks: As AI integrates deeper into systems, it becomes a bigger target for cyberattacks, leading to severe consequences like identity theft and privacy violations.
Potential for Misuse: GenAI can create convincing fake content, posing risks of fraud and unauthorized use of identities, leading to privacy breaches.

 

In summary, the convergence of generative AI’s extensive data needs, its ability to create convincing fake content, and its complex, opaque decision-making processes create a potent mix of privacy risks that are more challenging to manage than those posed by previous technologies.

How can you protect privacy while using GenAI?
 

Managing and protecting personal and business privacy becomes crucial. As GenAI tools like Google Bard, Microsoft’s AI integrations, and ChatGPT become more ingrained in our daily digital interactions, understanding and utilizing available data protection measures is key.

Access management: By managing user access, organizations can prevent identity theft, data breaches, and unauthorized entry to sensitive business information. Identity and Access Management (IAM) systems are effective in halting the spread of compromised login details, blocking unauthorized network access, and safeguarding against various cyber threats like hacking, ransomware, and phishing.
Encrypted Communication Channels: Secure data using encryption during transmission and while stored.
Regular Privacy Setting Updates: Frequently update privacy settings in GenAI tools to match updates and new features.
Anonymization Techniques: Use data anonymization before feeding information to GenAI to preserve privacy.
Staying Informed About Data Policies: Keep up-to-date with GenAI services’ data policies to make informed privacy decisions.
Selection of Privacy-Focused Tools: Choose GenAI tools with robust privacy and data protection features.
Google Bard’s Data Management: Utilize Google Bard’s options for auto-erasing, manual deletion, or indefinite data retention to manage AI data while preserving privacy.
Microsoft’s AI Data Management: Leverage the integrated security and privacy settings in Microsoft’s products, including GenAI tools, to control and secure data.
ChatGPT Web Privacy Controls: Access ChatGPT’s web privacy controls to restrict data usage for model training and manage chat history.

 

Lumeus.ai offers Zero Trust Security for AI, enabling IT Security to efficiently manage ShadowAI, control AI access, and enforce AI guardrails. It integrates seamlessly with existing security infrastructures, supporting identity platforms like Okta, Google, Active Directory, and network security platforms from Palo Alto, ZScaler, Fortinet, enabling a smooth deployment.

If you’re interested in a deeper discussion or even in contributing to refining this perspective, feel free to reach out to us.

Unlock Zero Trust Security for
GenAI and Data Access
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